Fields to train a hunting dog are very important in the process of forming an effective hunting dog. Hunting dog training takes place in several places and several stages.
Where to train hunting dogs? Training takes place at the hunter’s home in the first stage. In later phases, training takes place on different hunting grounds.
Training of hunting dogs includes the improvement of innate traits of the dog and adapting to the needs of the hunter. Therefore, we often say that there is:
- previous training
- later training in the hunting ground
Previous training in the hunter’s home
This training is related to the hunter’s house and yard. At the hunter’s house hunting dogs who are puppies will pass the first steps in their training.
First of all, it will be learned from some of the first steps and later this experience will be upgraded on some other terrain.
Previous training is common to all breeds of hunting dogs. The previous dog training should eliminate the innate traits of dogs that disturb him in relation to the hunter.
It needs to be learned through actions that are necessary for later training in the hunting ground. In training, force and punishment should be excluded. Patience in work and nice relationship with dogs give the best results. Previous training starts from the earliest youth. Even a small little puppy, as soon as the eyes open, we teach them to be obedient and to be orderly.
When they open their eyes, the pups get out of the litter and urinate. Each of them performs a necessity in the place where it was first performed because it attracts the smell of the urine and feces.
In these places, very shallow sandboxes are placed, and when the puppy accustomed to it, gradually we remove the other boxes and leave one, where all the puppies will perform.
Previous training in the city
When the puppy begins to leave the house and the enclosure in the courtyard, they should be brought into contact with domestic animals in order to get used to them.
Dogs born in a city, where there are no domestic animals (poultry, sheep, goats, cattle, etc.), should often be brought into the households where they are and used to them. Also, a young dog should run into busy streets, see people and vehicles, and get used to it.
Training in obedience and conductivity
Obedience is the discipline necessary for all dogs. It consists in the dog obediently arriving at the invitation of the owner and performing all the actions he requires of him. This discipline of the dog is trained from the earliest youth.
Exercise in the courtyard. The young puppy should immediately be given a name and call it a name, for example, “Buddy – Come”. When the tram comes, he will reward him with a piece of food, touch him, and give him praise.
At first, the dog does not know what is being asked of him. You need to be patient and repeat the actions that require the dog to understand what we are looking for. The dog should be called a name, later a whistle – to learn to come to the call. You must not lose patience and kick the dog, because the dog can understand that he is coming to get a beating.
Practice should be repeated every time, and especially later when it is used to guide it on a leash since the dog will then reluctant to come because it does not endure the leash.
Conductivity is the discipline by which we train dog training to obediently go on the run, with your left leg, and later without a leash. The exercise starts between 3-6 months.
It is preceded by training a dog on a necklace. Place the necklace of soft skin around the neck of the dog, do not tighten it too much, but so that the dog can not be removed. The dog is reluctant to accept, trying to take it off, but quickly gets used to it. Behind this, the leash is attached, which should be longer.
The dog will try to get rid of the leash, so the first day should be let it be trying to get rid of it. Only when he realizes that he can not get rid of him, he gradually accustomed to moving in a leash with the guide. If the dog runs forward, a leash is to be shaken, and also if it lags behind. The dog should then praise and give him a reward.
If we want to learn the dog – we get used to walking strictly with our feet, we need to use a wall or a fence so that it can not be left to the wall, and the right-hand guides it. If the dog is still trying to right, you do not have to hit him, but gently pull the leash.
When we are sure that the dog obediently goes by the leg, it does not lag behind, it does not run or it does not go left-right, we can carefully take the leash and allow the dog to go free by the leg. For stubborn copies, it is recommended to use a necklace on clamping and with nails.
When these disciplines are perfect, they switch to dedicated training.
Fetch and carry – In this discipline, the dog is trained as a puppy, as the characteristics of the young dog for the game and the drive to capture the moving object are exploited.
On the command “fetch”, “give” or “aport” dog should bring the undamaged game to the hunter, holding it in his mouth in a seated position until he is commanded to “let go”. This discipline is equally useful for all breeds of hunting dogs. The dog should also bring it from the ground and from the water.
For the exercise, a light wooden roller is used which has crossed bars on the side, so that the roller does not touch the ground and the dog more easily seizes it. Hold on to the dog’s necklace, and roll it with another hand to roll. While the roller rolls, the dog is left with the call “fetch” or “take”.
He will try to grab a roller that does not stop in the race. When he grabs the roller, the dog will run with him aside to continue playing with him. In the beginning, this should be allowed, because it is important that he takes the roller and wears it. Some dogs will only snuff the roller and leave it.
Then you should approach the dog, gently open his mouth, and put a roller into them, stroking him and trying to hold the roller. In some dogs, it may take longer to learn to pick up a roller and hold it.
When we have determined that the dog is taking the roller, it should be associated with training obedience and ask to come and bring the roller. After the roll, it moves to the filled hare skin or a provocatively filled pigeon.
When the dog is completely safe in passing, it approaches practicing the bringing out of the water. Previously, the dog would start to get into the water.
Training the hound dog
Field training in hunting grounds means the synchronization of innate traits of dogs and previous training learned at home. It is not the same for all breeds. For some, it is simpler, and for some, it is more complex.
The innate traits of dogs cannot be compensated – given to the dog. If the hunting dog does not have a good sniff, training cannot be compensated. If the terrier does not have enough sharpness, training can be difficult to give. If a dog hound does not have perseverance it can be difficult to recover, etc.
The hound dog hunting area requires good flair and persistence in pursuit. If there are not two of these qualities, all the effort around him is futile. Dog hunt searches for traces left by wild animals on the ground.
For most hunter training dogs, the dog consists of the fact that young dogs, after 6 months, without any previous training. They carry out the morning in the meadows full of rabbit traces and let them find and start a rabbit. They can run them with old – already trained dogs, so when they start and run for rabbits. Young dogs in this way learn from older dogs.
These training methods are wrong.
If the dog was first taken to a hunting ground in the morning, where he encounters a lot of traces – the older night and the new morning, he becomes nervous, he respects before he starts the game, and so on.
Later, it always keeps a lot of time in meadows and fields where there are many traces.
In a second way, the dog becomes lazy, because it learns that other dogs run a game, while he only joins in the pursuit. Later, he is almost unusable or has to learn how the game raises and starts.
Training the young dog in the hunting ground
The young dog should first learn about the hunting ground. He goes to a hunting ground that does not have a lot of wildlife, and that on the eve when the game did not start to go out looking for food. The dog is first kept in a leash, and then we occasionally let it run by us and meet the objects around us, and then only perform in order to find the game.
A good guide will try to find a path that the game has entered into a forest, point the dog on it, let it go, and beat it to continue looking for and finding a game. When the game is picked up, the dog should lead to the trail, that it is ossified, and then let him go to the trail of the game.
He will then cheerfully follow the track at a certain distance and return to the guide for a certain time. It is necessary to try, in the further training of dogs, not to be released into meadows and fields, and that I am investigating the traces here.
It needs to be led along the edge of the forest, the shrike, the corn until it finds where the game left a trail. Later, he will do the same for himself and will not waste his time by “blurring” the traces in the meadows from where the game has already gone.
The dog should not be led by other dogs until we are convinced that the dog owns a game for itself, it starts and runs after it.
Dog hounds are intended for hilly-mountainous and covered hunting grounds. In these hunting areas, there is a game of roe deer. The dog hound is more likely to run this game than other wildlife.
Dog hound should get rid of it. It is not difficult, because the older ones can get rid of it, especially if he has mastered the discipline of obedience, so we invite him as soon as he launches the deer’s game. Where there are game deer, it’s good for a dog to take a leash to look at it, to sniff marks, and to deter it from it.
There is an opinion that the hound is bloodthirsty and that he wants to eat a killed game. He’s a sharp dog. With previous training and obedience, we can have a good helper in the hunting ground. It is wrong to give the hunt to the parts of the body of the killed rabbit to eat them in the hunting ground. In this, it must be stopped energetically.
Dog hounds and bloodhound can be trained in following the blood trail and finding the wounded game by making a trace of blood as it leaves the wounded game. At the beginning of training, the trail should be somewhat stronger, and later weaker. The dog warns us for a long time on the trail and lets us lead us to the game. It is advisable, in addition to the blood trail, to spit out the game.
Training of Pit Dogs
Pit Dogs are harsh against pests and this is its main value. To work underground, the dog is brought to the pit and let inside to explore. If he has a good snuff, he will immediately feel whether the pit is inhabited or not. If the game is in the pit, the dog without any ambition enters into it and attacks the game. When entering the pit, it should be hooked up with the shouts.
Training of dogs bird
Every dog bird we use for hunting must have a good sniff, a passion for hunting, and that the game you find is strictly marked.
If he does not possess these qualities, then the effort in the previous training was futile, so the training effort in the hunting ground will be futile.
At dog bird in the hunting ground, we must pay attention to the disciplines we trained in previous training, especially in obedience.
Training of Lyam Hound
There is no need for special training in the hunting ground because they have the ability to squirt and search, raise the game loudly, and shortly gone.