A hunting dog can have two types of flaws:
– Congenital or inherited defects that are manifested in physical form,
– Defects in the habits and behavior of the dog itself
These types of flaws can be inherited or acquired.
How to fix a flaw in hunting dogs? If the defects are inherited then they cannot be eliminated. However, if flaws are acquired, they can be eliminated with quality training, and if the dog is too old.
Inherited flaws in hunting dogs
Inheritance defects can be:
– lack of temperament
– a weak nose
– poor marking
– fear of gunshots (may be congenital)
Inherited defects can be manifested in teeth, head shape, eyes. These types of flaws cannot be influenced at all, because genetics is crucial and these things cannot be corrected.
In the development of the canine body, we can make a lot of impact in both positive and negative directions.
Proper nutrition and various physical activity will give the dog a well-developed body, otherwise poor nutrition and permanent attachment to the chain will give the dog ugly body shapes.
Hereditary defects in habits and behavior can be a lack of temperament, poor sense of smell, poor posture, rudeness and timidity, and fear of shooting (this defect can be acquired).
The hunter is powerless to correct the hereditary defects.
If the dog does not have the temperament or sharp smell, the hunter can in no way repair it with any exercise or training.
Birth defects in hunting dogs
The disadvantages of hunting dogs are:
– game spreader,
– a dog that runs wild or is scared,
– a bad reporter,
– game pickers,
– a disobedient and beaten or scared dog
The flaw can be corrected by the hunter if the dog is not too old and has not already acquired these bad habits.
Exercise with a game spreader must be repeated on a long and firm basis and force him to lie down and remain in that position for each game lift.
Fear of shooting of hunting dogs
The biggest flaw of hunting dogs is the fear of shooting.
The dog will only when he sees that the hunter raises his rifle no matter what, and will not return alone until the hunter goes for it.
Any punishment for a dog like this makes this flaw greater. If it is a hereditary defect, such dogs should be removed from further mating.
Also, this flaw can be acquired and this is told by the fact that after a while the dog became sensitive and timid to the shot without it being before.
Usually, this can be due to hunting in bad weather when there is a thunderstorm or when lightning strikes near where the dog resides.
This fear can be uncomfortable and keep the dog for a long time, but luckily for the hunters, he can still correct himself and the dogs can get rid of him with exercise.
Tearing prey as a flaw
Flaw as tearing prey is even harder. It breaks away so that the helper climbs secretly into a tree and we take the dog there and throw its prey and get away from that place.
When the dog begins to eat the prey, the helper throws a metal chain at him. This is repeated several times but the venue for the game is thrown.
There is also a flaw when the dog buries the game but it is rarer and eliminated by throwing a metal chain.
Attacking poultry as a flaw
All hunting dogs also have an urge to attack domestic poultry.
This defect is remedied by a short leash and corals around the neck. I entice the corn kernels to bring the poultry closer to the dog, and if he tries to attack them, suddenly shake the leash with a sharp “leave it” shout.
Later this is repeated with a longer leash. If a dog strangles a hen during this training, he should absolutely not be beaten.
It is enough to peel a strangled coconut several times at a loss and order the “Down” position. If this does not help, the killed hen will be carefully wrapped in barbed wire and we will surely manage.
Eliminating the fear of shooting sound
Releasing a dog from the fear of gunshots is usually done in three stages. The first step in training is to use an air rifle.
With the dog go into the enclosure and carry an air rifle. The dog is held short and then fired one shot into the air from the air rifle.
Already when lifting the rifle, if it is noticed, the dog will start to react violently and try to break away and escape. However, as the dog is tied it will not work and then it should be smoothed over the back to make it feel safe.
This training is repeated several days in a row.
The dog should be constantly calmed down, play with, and be petted, and the connection should be extended each time until we can completely release it.
Air rifles do not exhibit a strong burst and the dog quickly becomes accustomed to it.
As a result, the dog slowly loses his / her fear of raising the rifle and it is very important that the dog is treated as well as possible during such exercises.
The next step is to use a “Flobert” whose shot is stronger than an air rifle and more similar to a hunting rifle.
The procedure is similar to an air rifle, with the exception that a pigeon or a wild duck should be thrown at each shot to bring the dog.
In the event that the dog’s fear recovers, he still needs to continue starving, calming, playing with him.
The third stage of this training is done with a real rifle and with as few loaded cartridges as possible.
At this level, it is not bad to have an assistant who will fire the cartridges but so that the shot is heard as little as possible and the hunter repeats the process of calming, caressing the dog of course again with throwing something for aport.
Only after assessing that the dog has freed itself from this fear in the enclosure of the dog then take to hunting.
And then one should make sure that the dog sees the hunting during the first shot and moves on it if other dogs need to be prevented from reaching the hunting area before it.
The passion to capture shot prey can go a long way in reducing this fear.
It is only when we completely release the dog from this fear that we can ask him to lie down during the shooting and in that position to wait for the aport command.
Stopping a dog from this fear is often painstaking and requires enormous persistence, and the hunter needs to evaluate whether training a dog to go on a group hunt later is worth it.
Namely, such dogs, even if they are free of fear, will not rule like other dogs in hunting where they shoot together and hear multiple shots at once.
He will more often follow in the footsteps of the hunter and will not happily run after the hunt and unless he shows fear of the sound of gunshots.
However, in individual hunting, dogs like this can be great, but only they are completely free from the fear of the sound of gunshots.
As we have seen, there are many disadvantages that can be present in hunting dogs. If inherited, such a dog will not be useful in hunting itself.
If the flaws are not hereditary then a lot of work must be done and trained with the dog to correct the flaws.
Every effort is eventually paid off and the return is multiplied. Take the time to your dog and correct the flaws to make your dog a good hunting partner.